January 2022

This list includes all studies we know of published in January 2022 that are:

  • Empirical (original, meta-analysis, or review of empirical studies),

  • about advocating for farmed animals (rather than, for example, the welfare of farmed animals themselves) or,

  • provide evidence from basic empirical research that may be of interest to farmed animal advocates.

Previous versions: Previous lists

Please send any suggestions for this list to ellen.pelos@animalcharityevaluators.org.

Animal-free foods

Bekhit, A. E.-D. A., Riley, W. W., & Hussain, M. A. (Eds.). (2022). Alternative Proteins: Safety and Food Security Considerations. Taylor & Francis Group. Link to preview in Google Books

Boereboom, A., Mongondry, P., de Aguiar, L. K., Urbano, B., Jiang, Z. V., de Koning, W., & Vriesekoop, F. (2022). Identifying Consumer Groups and Their Characteristics Based on Their Willingness to Engage with Cultured Meat: A Comparison of Four European Countries. Foods, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11020197

Piochi, M., Micheloni, M., & Torri, L. (2022). Effect of informative claims on the attitude of Italian consumers towards cultured meat and relationship among variables used in an explicit approach. Food Research International (Ottawa, Ont.), 151, 110881. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110881

Yang, G., Tao, Y., Wang, P., Xu, X., & Zhu, X. (2022). Optimizing 3D printing of chicken meat by response surface methodology and genetic algorithm: Feasibility study of 3D printed chicken product. LWT, 154, 112693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2021.112693

Diet change

Bradford, A. (n.d.). The way to a meat-eater’s heart is through their stomach: Exposure to more appealing vegan food increases preference for meat-free options (A. Hancox & C. Bryant, Trans.). https://osf.io/746jm

de Boer, J., & Aiking, H. (2022). Considering how farm animal welfare concerns may contribute to more sustainable diets. Appetite, 168, 105786. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105786

Heerschop, S. N., Biesbroek, S., Boshuizen, H. C., & van’t Veer, P. (2022). Low Meat Consumption in the Netherlands Is Associated With Higher Intake of Fish, Nuts, Seeds, Cheese, Sweets, and Snacks: Results From a Two-Part Model. Frontiers in Nutrition, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2021.741286

Magalhaes, D. R., Maza, M. T., Prado, I. N. do, Fiorentini, G., Kirinus, J. K., & Campo, M. D. M. (2022). An Exploratory Study of the Purchase and Consumption of Beef: Geographical and Cultural Differences between Spain and Brazil. Foods, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11010129

Piazza, J., Gregson, R., Kordoni, A., Pfeiler, T. M., Ruby, M. B., Ellis, D. A., Sahin, E., & Reith, M. (2022). Monitoring a meat-free pledge with smartphones: An experimental study. Appetite, 168, 105726. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105726

Szczebyło, A., Halicka, E., Rejman, K., & Kaczorowska, J. (2022). Is Eating Less Meat Possible? Exploring the Willingness to Reduce Meat Consumption among Millennials Working in Polish Cities. Foods, 11(3), 358. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11030358

Trewern, J., Chenoweth, J., & Christie, I. (2022). Sparking Change: Evaluating the effectiveness of a multi-component intervention at encouraging more sustainable food behaviors. Appetite, 105933. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2022.105933

Wolfson, J. A., Willits-Smith, A. M., Leung, C. W., Heller, M. C., & Rose, D. (2022). Cooking at Home, Fast Food, Meat Consumption, and Dietary Carbon Footprint among US Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020853

Zahra, S., McCarthy, B., & Chaiechi, T. (2022). Exploring sustainable meat consumption intentions in a pakistani collectivist culture: utilising the theory of planned behaviour. In T. Chaiechi & J. Wood (Eds.), Community empowerment, sustainable cities, and transformative economies (pp. 417–436). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-16-5260-8_23

Social change

Burger, A. M., Schuler, J., & Eberling, E. (2022). Guilty pleasures: Moral licensing in climate-related behavior. Global Environmental Change, 72, 102415. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2021.102415

Chen, Y., & Zhang, Z. (2022). Exploring public perceptions on alternative meat in China from social media data using transfer learning method. Food Quality and Preference, 98, 104530. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2022.104530

Hübel, C., & Schaltegger, S. (2022). Barriers to a sustainability transformation of meat production practices - An industry actor perspective. Sustainable Production and Consumption, 29, 128–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spc.2021.10.004

Moritz, J., Tuomisto, H. L., & Ryynänen, T. (2022). The transformative innovation potential of cellular agriculture: Political and policy stakeholders’ perceptions of cultured meat in Germany. Journal of Rural Studies, 89, 54–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2021.11.018

Saedy, S. E. (2022). Animal Abuse in Egypt: An Assessment of Attitudes, Behaviors and Protective Factors Among University Students and Graduates. [Master thesis]. https://fount.aucegypt.edu/etds/1832/

Wulderk, Z. (2022a). Beliefs About Fishes and Chickens & Their Relation to Animal-Positive Behaviors in Brazil. Faunalytics. https://faunalytics.org/chicken-and-fish-2-brazil/

Wulderk, Z. (2022b). Beliefs About Fishes and Chickens & Their Relation to Animal-Positive Behaviors in Canada. Faunalytics. https://faunalytics.org/chicken-and-fish-2-canada/

Wulderk, Z. (2022c). Beliefs About Fishes and Chickens & Their Relation to Animal-Positive Behaviors in China. Faunalytics. https://faunalytics.org/chicken-and-fish-2-china/

Wulderk, Z. (2022d). Beliefs About Fishes and Chickens & Their Relation to Animal-Positive Behaviors in India. Faunalytics. https://faunalytics.org/chicken-and-fish-2-india/

Wulderk, Z. (2022e). Comparing Beliefs About Fishes And Chickens & Their Relation To Animal-Positive Behaviors Across Countries. Faunalytics. https://faunalytics.org/chicken-and-fish-2-comparative/

Zhang, Y., & Li, Z. (2022). The use of constructive controversy to improve students’ understandings of and attitudes towards animal welfare in China. Journal of Biological Education, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/00219266.2021.2011768

Animal welfare campaigns

Cerrato, S., & Forestell, C. A. (2022). Meet your meat: The effect of imagined intergroup contact on wanting and liking of meat. Appetite, 168, 105656. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105656

Pohlmann, A. (2022). The taste of compassion: Influencing meat attitudes with interhuman and interspecies moral appeals. Appetite, 168, 105654. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105654


Stewart, C., Bianchi, F., Frie, K., & Jebb, S. A. (2022). Comparison of Three Dietary Assessment Methods to Estimate Meat Intake as Part of a Meat Reduction Intervention among Adults in the UK. Nutrients, 14(3), 411. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030411


Thanks to suggestions by the RECAP group, the Fish Advocacy Slack group, the research library of Faunalytics, the FAST list, and suggestions by ACE staff.

Literature search methods

Search terms used in Google Scholar and Fusion databases:

Meat AND behavior

Meat AND behaviour

Meat AND consumer behavior

Meat AND attitudes

Meat AND preferences

Meat AND consumption

Cultured meat

Cultivated meat

Clean meat

Plant based meat

Plant based diet

Plant based protein

Alternative protein

Meat consumption

Format for Google Scholar searches → ​​intext:(“meat” AND “consumer behavior”) after:2022-1-01

Additional suggested Google Scholar search terms that were used:

Plant based meat consumer perception

Plant based meat consumer acceptance

Consumer acceptance cultured meat