October-December 2021

This list includes all studies we know of published in the respective month that are:

  • Empirical (original, meta-analysis, or review of empirical studies), and

  • about advocating for farmed animals (rather than, for example, the welfare of farmed animals themselves) or,

  • provide evidence from basic empirical research that may be of interest to farmed animal advocates.

Previous versions: Previous lists

Please send any suggestions for this list to maria.salazar@animalcharityevaluators.org

Animal-free foods

Aaslyng, M. D., & Højer, R. (2021). Introducing Tempeh as a New Plant-Based Protein Food Item on the Danish Market. Foods, 10(11). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10112865

Ali, B. M., Ang, F., & van der Fels-Klerx, H. J. (2021). Consumer willingness to pay for plant-based foods produced using microbial applications to replace synthetic chemical inputs. Plos One, 16(12), e0260488. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0260488

Asioli, D., Bazzani, C., & Nayga, R. M. (2021). Are consumers willing to pay for in‐vitro meat? An investigation of naming effects. Journal of Agricultural Economics. https://doi.org/10.1111/1477-9552.12467

Kerslake, E., Kemper, J. A., & Conroy, D. (2022). What’s your beef with meat substitutes? Exploring barriers and facilitators for meat substitutes in omnivores, vegetarians, and vegans. Appetite, 170, 105864. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105864

Kołodziejczak, K., Onopiuk, A., Szpicer, A., & Poltorak, A. (2021). Meat analogues in the perspective of recent scientific research: A review. Foods, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/foods11010105

Lamotte, L. (2021). Strategic analysis of the market for plant-based meat substitutes (Master thesis, Université Catholique de Louvain). Université Catholique de Louvain. Link

Pakseresht, A., Ahmadi Kaliji, S., & Canavari, M. (2022). Review of factors affecting consumer acceptance of cultured meat. Appetite, 170, 105829. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105829

Rondoni, A., Millan, E., & Asioli, D. (2021). Consumers’ preferences for intrinsic and extrinsic product attributes of plant-based eggs: an exploratory study in the United Kingdom and Italy. British Food Journal, 123(11), 3704–3725. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-11-2020-1054

Srikant, H. (2021). A Review of Plant-and Fungi-Based Meat and Cellular Meat: An Indian Perspective. Bt Research, 68(1). https://doi.org/10.36664/bt/2021/v68i1/165753

Varela, P., Arvisenet, G., Gonera, A., Myhrer, K. S., Fifi, V., & Valentin, D. (2022). Meat replacer? No thanks! The clash between naturalness and processing: An explorative study of the perception of plant-based foods. Appetite, 169, 105793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105793

White, S. K. (2021). Plant-based meat substitutes: understanding consumers’ motivators, barriers, knowledge and consumption practices. University of Canterbury. https://doi.org/10.26021/12169

Diet change

Anderson, J., & Milyavskaya, M. (2021). Going Vegan Or Vegetarian: Motivations & Influences. Faunalytics. Retrieved from Faunalytics website: https://faunalytics.org/going-veg-motivations-and-influences/

Arnaudova, M., Brunner, T. A., & Götze, F. (2022). Examination of students’ willingness to change behaviour regarding meat consumption. Meat Science, 184, 108695. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2021.108695

Banovic, M., Barone, A. M., Asioli, D., & Grasso, S. (2022). Enabling sustainable plant-forward transition: European consumer attitudes and intention to buy hybrid products. Food Quality and Preference, 96, 104440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2021.104440

Boaitey, A., Eden, M., & Jette-Nantel, S. (2021). Too Close to Eat? Solidarity with Animals, Animal Welfare and Antibiotic Use. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science : JAAWS, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1080/10888705.2021.1986713

Carlsson, Fredrik, Kataria, Mitesh, Lampi, & Elina. (2021). Sustainable food: can food labels make consumers switch to meat substitutes? University of Gothenburg. Retrieved from University of Gothenburg website: https://gupea.ub.gu.se/handle/2077/70233

Koch, J. A., Bolderdijk, J. W., & van Ittersum, K. (2022). Can graphic warning labels reduce the consumption of meat? Appetite, 168, 105690. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105690

Kwasny, T., Dobernig, K., & Riefler, P. (2022). Towards reduced meat consumption: A systematic literature review of intervention effectiveness, 2001-2019. Appetite, 168, 105739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105739

Lueders, A., Wollast, R., Nugier, A., & Guimond, S. (2021). You read what you eat! Selective exposure effects as obstacles for environmental risk communication in the meat consumption debate. Appetite, 105877. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105877

Marouca, J. M. da C. (2021). The influence of social identity on meat consumption reduction (Master thesis). Retrieved from https://run.unl.pt/handle/10362/127912

Profeta, A., Baune, M.-C., Smetana, S., Broucke, K., Van Royen, G., Weiss, J., … Terjung, N. (2021). Consumer preferences for meat blended with plant proteins – Empirical findings from Belgium. Future Foods, 4, 100088. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fufo.2021.100088

Siebertz, M., Schroter, F. A., Portele, C., & Jansen, P. (2022). Affective explicit and implicit attitudes towards vegetarian and vegan food consumption: The role of mindfulness. Appetite, 169, 105831. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105831

Storz, M. A., Müller, A., & Lombardo, M. (2021). Diet and consumer behavior in U.S. vegetarians: A national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES) data report. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010067

Verain, M. C. D., Dagevos, H., & Jaspers, P. (2022). Flexitarianism in the Netherlands in the 2010 decade: Shifts, consumer segments and motives. Food Quality and Preference, 96, 104445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2021.104445

Social change

Buttlar, B., & Walther, E. (2022). Escaping from the meat paradox: How morality and disgust affect meat-related ambivalence. Appetite, 168, 105721. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105721

De Vriese, D., Brengman, M., Leroy, F., & Ryckbosch, W. (2021). Is it the cow that sells the steak, or the sizzle? Using animal images to sell meat in mid-nineteenth-century Belgium. Food, Culture & Society, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/15528014.2021.1987628

Linville, T., Hanson, K. L., & Sobal, J. (2021). Hunting and raising livestock are associated with meat-related attitudes, norms and frequent consumption: implications for dietary guidance to rural residents. British Food Journal, ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-01-2021-0096

Platto, S., Serres, A., & Jingyi, A. (2022). Chinese College Students’ Attitudes towards Animal Welfare. Animals : An Open Access Journal from MDPI, 12(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani12020156

Animal welfare campaigns

Harris, J., Ladak, A., & Mathur, M. (2021). The Effects of Exposure to Information about Animal Welfare Reforms on Animal Farming Opposition: A Randomized Experiment. Link

Lai, Y., Boaitey, A., & Minegishi, K. (2022). Behind the veil: Social desirability bias and animal welfare ballot initiatives. Food Policy, 106, 102184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2021.102184

Naab, F. Z., Coles, D., Goddard, E., & Frewer, L. J. (2021). Public perceptions regarding genomic technologies applied to breeding farm animals: A qualitative study. BioTech, 10(4), 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/biotech10040028

Rilanto, T., Viidu, D.-A., Kaart, T., Orro, T., Viltrop, A., Emanuelson, U., … Mõtus, K. (2021). Attitudes and personality of farm managers and association with cow culling rates and longevity in large-scale commercial dairy farms. Research in Veterinary Science, 142, 31–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2021.11.006

Vandresen, B., & Hötzel, M. J. (2021). “Mothers Should Have Freedom of Movement”-Citizens’ Attitudes Regarding Farrowing Housing Systems for Sows and Their Piglets. Animals : An Open Access Journal from MDPI, 11(12). https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11123439


Philipp‐Muller, A., Teeny, J. D., & Petty, R. E. (2022). Do consumers care about morality? A review and framework for understanding morality’s marketplace influence. Consumer Psychology Review, 5(1), 107–124. https://doi.org/10.1002/arcp.1072

Xu, C., Siegrist, M., & Hartmann, C. (2021). The application of virtual reality in food consumer behavior research: A systematic review. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 116, 533–544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2021.07.015


Thanks to the research library of Faunalytics, the FAST list, and suggestions by ACE staff. I also did a search on Google Scholar using the search terms intext:(“meat” AND “consumer behavior”); intext:(“meat” AND “attitudes”); and intext:(“meat” AND “preferences”); after:2021-09-30. (To be improved!)