September 2021

This list includes all studies we know of published in the respective month that are:

  • Empirical (original, meta-analysis, or review of empirical studies), and

  • about advocating for farmed animals (rather than, for example, the welfare of farmed animals themselves) or,

  • provide evidence from basic empirical research that may be of interest to farmed animal advocates.

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Animal-free foods

Fassler, J. (2021). Lab-Grown Meat is Supposed to be Inevitable: The Science Tells a Different Story. The Counter, September 22. Link

Friedrich, B. (2021). Cultivated Meat: A Growing Nomenclature Consensus. September 29. GFI article

Krings, V.C., Dhont, K., & Hodson, G. (2021). Food Technology Neophobia as a Psychological Barrier to Clean Meat Acceptance. Food Quality and Preference, 96, 1. Link

Nestle, M. (2021). Meat Alternatives: Cell-Based. September 28. Food Politics article

Wim, V., Hung, Y., Baum, C.M., & De Steur, H. (2021). The Power of Initial Perceived Barriers Versus Motives Shaping Consumers’ Willingness to Eat Cultured Meat as a Substitute for Conventional Meat. Livestock Science.

Diet change

Ahsan, M., Uzair, M., & Ali, M. (2021). Attitudes and Perceptions Towards Cultured Meat Among General Population in Pakistan. Asean Journal of Science and Engineering Education, 2(2), 245. Link

Khara, T., Riedy, C, & Ruby, M.B. (2021). A Cross Cultural Meat Paradox: A Qualitative Study of Australia and India. Appetite, 164(1), 1.

MacInnis, C.C. & Hodson, G., (2021). Tensions Within and Between Vegans and Vegetarians: Meat-Free Motivations Matter. Appetite, 164(1), 1.

Munz Fernandes, A., Teixeira Costa, L., de Souza Teixeira, O., dos Santos, F.V., Palma Revillion, J.P., & Leal de Souza, Â.R. (2021). Consumption Behavior and Purchase Intention of Cultured Meat in the Capital of the ‘State of Barbecue,’ Brazil. British Food Journal, 123(9), 3032.

Ostermann, C.M., & de Barcellos, M.D. (2021). “156 Conflicts in Meat Consumption: Exploring their Effects on Social Norms and Consumer Behavior,” 20th European Round Table on Sustainable Consumption and Production, September 8-10, Graz. Link

Social change

Kaurivi, Y.B., Laven, R.A., Hickson, R., Parkinson, T.P., & Stafford, K.J. (2021). Assessing Extensive Cow-Calf Welfare in Namibia: Feasibility of Adapting a New Zealand Beef Cow Welfare Assessment Protocol. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science.

Nguyen, A. & Platow, M.J. (2021). “I’ll Eat Met Because That’s What We Do”: The Role of National Norms and Social Identification on Meat Eating. Appetite, 164(1), 1.

Animal welfare campaigns

Mathur, M.B., Peacock, J., Reichling, D.B., Nadler, J., Bain, P.A., Gardner, C.D., & Robinson, T.N. (2021). Interventions to Reduce Meat Consumption by Appealing to Animal Welfare: Meta-Analysis and Evidence-Based Recommendations. Appetite, 164(1), 1.

Mathur, M. B., Peacock, J., Robinson, T., & Gardner, C. D. (2021). Effectiveness of a Theory-Informed Documentary to Reduce Meat and Animal-Product Consumption: Three Randomized Controlled Experiments. OSF preprint.


De Groeve, B., & Rosenfeld, D. L. (2022). Morally Admirable or Moralistically Deplorable? A Theoretical Framework for Understanding Character Judgments of Vegan Advocates. Appetite, 168(1), 1.


Thanks to suggestions by the RECAP group, the Fish Advocacy Slack group, the research library of Faunalytics, the FAST list, and suggestions by ACE staff. I also did a search on Google Scholar using the search terms intext:(“meat” AND “consumer behavior”); intext:(“meat” AND “attitudes”); and intext:(“meat” AND “preferences”); after:2021-08-31. (To be improved!)