February 2021

This list includes all studies we know of published in the respective month that are:

  • Empirical (original, meta-analysis, or review of empirical studies), and

  • about advocating for farmed animals (rather than, for example, the welfare of farmed animals themselves) or,

  • provide evidence from basic empirical research that may be of interest to farmed animal advocates.

Previous versions: Previous lists

Please send any suggestions for this list to manja.gartner@animalcharityevaluators.org.

Animal-free foods & Diet change

Animal Charity Evaluators (2021). The effects of diet choices. Link to article

Bryant, C., & Sanctorum, H. (2021). Alternative proteins, evolving attitudes: Comparing consumer attitudes to plant-based and cultured meat in Belgium in two consecutive years. Appetite, 161, 105161. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105161

Carlsson, F., Kataria, M. and Lampi, E. (2021). How much does it take? Willingness to

switch to meat substitutes. University of Gothenburg, Working Paper in Economics No. 798, link to pdf

Estell, M., Hughes, J., & Grafenauer, S. (2021). Plant Protein and Plant-Based Meat Alternatives: Consumer and Nutrition Professional Attitudes and Perceptions. Sustainability, 13(3), 1478. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031478

Gleckel, Jareb A., Are Consumers Really Confused by Plant-Based Food Labels? An Empirical Study. University of Louisville, Louis D. Brandeis School of Law, Journal of Animal and Environmental Law (forthcoming), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3727710

Liu, J., Hocquette, É., Ellies-Oury, M.-P., Chriki, S., & Hocquette, J.-F. (2021). Chinese Consumers’ Attitudes and Potential Acceptance toward Artificial Meat. Foods, 10(2), 353. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020353

Lonkila, A., & Kaljonen, M. (2021). Promises of meat and milk alternatives: an integrative literature review on emergent research themes. Agriculture and Human Values. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10460-020-10184-9

Michel, F., Knaapila, A., Hartmann, C., & Siegrist, M. (2021). A multi-national comparison of meat eaters’ attitudes and expectations for burgers containing beef, pea or algae protein. Food Quality and Preference, 91, 104195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2021.104195

Śmiglak-Krajewska, M., & Wojciechowska-Solis, J. (2021). Consumption Preferences of Pulses in the Diet of Polish People: Motives and Barriers to Replace Animal Protein with Vegetable Protein. Nutrients, 13(2), 454. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020454

Social change

Arora, R. and Bookis, A. (2021). The Economic State of U.S. Farming. Link to pdf

Benton, T. G., Bieg, C., HarwattH., Pudasaini, R. and Wellesley, L. (2021). Food system impacts on biodiversity loss. Chatham House, link to pdf

Galanakis, C. M., Rizou, M., Aldawoud, T. M. S., Ucak, I., & Rowan, N. J. (2021). Innovations and technology disruptions in the food sector within the COVID-19 pandemic and post-lockdown era. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 110, 193–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2021.02.002

Grünhage, T., Reuter, M. What Makes Diets Political? Moral Foundations and the Left-Wing-Vegan Connection. Soc Just Res (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11211-020-00361-w

MacLeod, M. J., Hasan, M. R., Robb, D. H. F., & Mamun-Ur-Rashid, M. (2020). Quantifying greenhouse gas emissions from global aquaculture. Scientific Reports, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-68231-8

Animal welfare campaigns

Klock Fleten, M. (2021). Cleaner Fish: A Neglected Issue Within A Neglected Issue. Faunalytics articleCleaner Fish: A Neglected Issue Within A Neglected Issue

Schuck-Paim, C., Negro-Calduch, E. & Alonso, W.J. (2021) Laying hen mortality in different indoor housing systems: a meta-analysis of data from commercial farms in 16 countries. Sci Rep 11, 3052 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-81868-3


Rawling, N. (2021). Moving The Needle With Material Innovation. Faunalytics article

Sparkman, G., Macdonald, B. NJ., Caldwell, K. D., Kateman, B., & Boese, G. D. (2021). Cut Back or Give it Up? The Effectiveness of Reduce and Eliminate Appeals and Dynamic Norm Messaging to Curb Meat Consumption. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 101592. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2021.101592

Tschirren, L., Bachmann, D., Güler, A. C., Blaser, O., Rhyner, N., Seitz, A., Zbinden, E., Wahli, T., Segner, H., & Refardt, D. (2021). MyFishCheck: A Model to Assess Fish Welfare in Aquaculture. Animals, 11(1), 145. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani11010145


Thanks to suggestions by the RECAP group, the Fish Advocacy Slack group, the research library of Faunalytics, the FAST list, and suggestions by ACE staff. I also did a search on Google Scholar using the search terms intext:(“meat” AND “consumer behavior”); intext:(“meat” AND “attitudes”); and intext:(“meat” AND “preferences”); after:2021-01-31. (To be improved!)