March 2021

This list includes all studies we know of published in the respective month that are:

  • Empirical (original, meta-analysis, or review of empirical studies), and

  • about advocating for farmed animals (rather than, for example, the welfare of farmed animals themselves) or,

  • provide evidence from basic empirical research that may be of interest to farmed animal advocates.

Previous versions: Previous lists

Please send any suggestions for this list to

Animal-free foods

Baum, C. M., Bröring, S., & Lagerkvist, C.-J. (2021). Information, attitudes, and consumer evaluations of cultivated meat. Food Quality and Preference, 92, 104226.

Schwartz, E. (2021). Anticipatory life cycle assessment and techno-economic assessment of commercial cultivated meat production. Link to pdf on GFI’s website

Tiitii, U. (2021). Edible seaweeds of Samoa: cultural values, consumer preferences and nutritional benefits. University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland.

Witte, B. et al. (2021). Food for Thought, The Protein Transformation. BCG and blue horizon report, link to pdf

Diet change

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2021). Meat Market Review, Overview of global meat market developments in 2020. Link to pdf

Grasso, A. C., Hung, Y., Olthof, M. R., Brouwer, I. A., & Verbeke, W. (2021). Understanding meat consumption in later life: A segmentation of older consumers in the EU. Food Quality and Preference, 104242.

Haile, Menbere and Jalil, Andrew and Tasoff, Joshua, Changing Hearts and Plates: The Effect of Animal-Advocacy Pamphlets on Meat Consumption (December 22, 2020). Available at SSRN: or

Malan, H. J. (2020). Swap the Meat, Save the Planet: A Community-Based Participatory Approach to Promoting Healthy, Sustainable Food in a University Setting. UCLA. ProQuest ID: Malan_ucla_0031D_18823. Merritt ID: ark:/13030/m54n4ckv. Retrieved from

Mäkelä, N. (2021). Drivers and barriers of purchasing meat replacement products. Master’s thesis, link to pdf

Ramsing, R., Chang, K., Hendrickson, Z., Xu, Z., Friel, M., & Calves, E. (2021). Community engagement and the promotion of sustainable diets: Lessons from a grassroots meat reduction campaign. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 1–25.

Verly-Jr, E., de Carvalho, A. M., Marchioni, D. M. L., & Darmon, N. (2021). The cost of eating more sustainable diets: A nutritional and environmental diet optimisation study. Global Public Health, 1–14.

Social change

Branković, M. (2021). What We Eat Is Who We Are: The Role of Ethnic Attachment as an Ideological Base of Animal Exploitation. Anthrozoös, 1–18.

DeMello, M. (2021). Chapter 12 Violence to Animals. (2021). In Animals and Society (pp. 280–307). Columbia University Press.

Gynsberg, C. (2021). Leaders Speak: 10 Issues And Opportunities Affecting Farmed Animal Advocacy. Article at Faunalytics

Ladak, A. and Reese Anthis, J. (2021). Animals, Food, and Technology (AFT) Survey: 2020 Update. Link to Sentience Institute website

Stuber, N. (2021). Silence Abets Violence: The Case for the Liberation Pledge. Journal for Critical Animal Studies. Link to article

Vigors, B., Ewing, D. A., & Lawrence, A. B. (2021). Happy or healthy? How members of the public prioritise farm animal health and natural behaviours. PLOS ONE, 16(3), e0247788.

Animal welfare campaigns

Jasiunas, L. (2021). What Does The Future Hold For ‘Low Trophic’ Sea Life? Article at Faunalytics


Borthwick et al. (2021). Blue Loss: Estimating How Many Aquatic Animals are Hidden in the Food System. Link to pdf at the Aquatic Life Institute


Thanks to suggestions by the RECAP group, the Fish Advocacy Slack group, the research library of Faunalytics, the FAST list, and suggestions by ACE staff. I also did a search on Google Scholar using the search terms intext:(“meat” AND “consumer behavior”); intext:(“meat” AND “attitudes”); and intext:(“meat” AND “preferences”); after:2021-02-28. (To be improved!)